Science diplomacy in Latin America
The Inter-American Institute for Global Change Research( IAI)
The Inter-American Institute for Global Change Research, founded in 1992, is a means of bringing together scientists and policy-makers. The main goal of the organization was to address the most serious cross-border climate, social and economic challenges. The agreement on creation of the IAI was signed by most of the countries from South America, North America, and the Caribbean.
The institute describes itself as being comprised of four main organs. Among them, the most important is the Conference of the Parties, which is responsible for policies, consists of agencies that are assigned by the member-states. Second is the Scientific Advisory Committee is the body that is appointed by the Conference of the Parties. The goal of the Committee is to deepen cooperation and bring science and policy making closer together.
The Institute facilitates cooperation between scientists, practitioners, industries and decision makers throughout the Americas. The IAI also supports researchers in fields that lack representation. For example, thanks to support from the IAI, the field of regional oceanography made greater progress in the last ten years than in the previous half century. (Gual Soler, 2014)
The Ibero-American Programme for Science, Technology and Development (CYTED)
Founded in 1980s, the Programme’s main goal was to enhance cooperation between Spain, Portugal and Latin America. The agreement on creation of the Programme was signed by nineteen different scientific and technological agencies in Spain, Portugal and South America. (Gual Soler, 2014). Additionally, The United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), the Organization of American States and UNESCO participate as observers.
General Assembly of CYTED is made of the signatory agencies appointed by the member-states. It is responsible for setting strategic trends for development, decide on the content and contributions of the member-states. The Secretariat is responsible for management and coordination of the program.
CYTED greatly contributes to increase the number of research held in Latin America. 441 thematic research and 680 innovation projects were funded with more than 8,400 research groups from Ibero-American countries and 28,800 scientists from CYTED countries. (Gual Soler, 2014).
Gual Soler, M. (2014). Intergovernmental Scientific Networks in Latin America. Science & Diplomacy [online]. Retrieved on August, 20 2016 from http://www.sciencediplomacy.org/article/2014/intergovernmental-scientific-networks-in-latin-america