• Climate Change and Human Security in Practice
  • Previous and ongoing projects - Climate change and human security in practice.

Previous and ongoing projects - Climate change and human security in practice.

MacQuarrie, P. R., Welling, R. & Aguirre, M. (2013). Lake Titicaca basin: Peru and Bolivia. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN. Retrieved from:

https://portals.iucn.org/library/taxonomy/term/65994

This report from the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) highlights the efforts of the Building River Dialogue and Governance' (BRIDGE) project in Lake Titicaca. This project aims to build water governance capacities through demonstration, leadership and consensus-building in transboundary river basins in order to strengthen relations between stakeholders across local, regional and national levels. IUCN’s findings reveal that water governance can be achieved through a variety of institutional arrangements through non-conventional channels, ranging from formal regional authorities to informal leadership networks. Tangible results include common mapping formats, a prototype regional Water Information System, technical improvements on the Master Plan and progress on the Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) implementation. IUCN collaborated efforts with the Andean Community General Secretariat, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Bolivia and Peru, the Ministry of the Environment in both Bolivia and Peru, Champion’s Network, hydrological and meteorological institutions, national water agencies the Binational Autonomous Authority of Lake Titicaca (ALT) as well as civil societies and water users.

 

Comisión Binacional de Alto Nivel Perú - Bolivia. (2015). Lineamientos y acciones para la recuperación ambiental del Lago Titicaca y su diversidad biológica. Lima, Peru: Ministerio del Ambiente, Viceministerio de Gestión Ambiental. Retrieved from:

http://www.minam.gob.pe/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/Lineamientos_final.pdf

The purpose of this project launched in June 2015 by the Binational Commission of Peru and Bolivia, is to reduce environmental pressures in Lake Titicaca. The goals focus on reversing the trend of eutrophication in critical areas, to ensure swift recovery, provide sustainable protection, and give the basis for regional and binational development. A top-down bilateral effort between the two governments was implemented in order to strengthen ecosystem resilience, stimulate the self-purification capacity of ecosystems, and improve public health. In addition to spreading informational awareness through research, monitoring, education and participation with the intention of balancing social demands regarding the lake.

 

United Nations Environmental Programme South-South Cooperation. (2012). Integrated Water Resource Management in the Lake Titicaca Region. Nairobi, Kenya: UNEP. Retrieved from:

http://www.unep.org/south-south-cooperation/case/casefiles.aspx?csno=55

The Integrated Water Resource Management project in the Lake Titicaca region created by UNEP had three main objectives: (1) to improve the monitoring of water quality in the TDPS system, (2) diminish the levels of pollutants discharged into the TDPS system, and (3) promote as well as strengthen the binational institutional management and monitoring of water quality and resources of this system on a permanent basis. The execution of this project was successful in implementing a binational training program and producing a Geo Assessment report with the support of institutions and experts from both countries. Another important output of this initiative is baseline data on water quality, which will allow both countries to measure their progress over time. The actors involved in this project were the Ministry of Environment of Peru (MINAM), the Ministry of Environment and Water of Bolivia (MAyA), municipalities, Binational Autonomous Authority of Lake Titicaca (ALT), UNEP / Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean (ROLAC), the Ministry of Environment of Spain, universities, and laboratories.

 

Comisión Multisectorial para la Prevencion y Recuperacion Ambiental del Lago Titicaca y Sus Afluentes. (2014). Estado de la calidad ambiental de la cuenca del Lago Titicaca ambito Peruano. Lima, Peru: Ministerio del Ambiente. Retrieved from:

http://www.minam.gob.pe/puno/wp-content/uploads/sites/55/2014/02/ESTUDIO-DEL-ESTADO-DE-LA-CALIDAD-AMBIENTAL-CUENCA-DEL-TITICACA..pdf

This project was developed by the Multisectorial Commission for Prevention and Environmental Recovery of Lake Titicaca and its Affluents in Peru with the intent of systemizing previous experiences in assessing environmental quality of Lake Titicaca and its tributaries. The goal of this project is to assess the environmental quality of Lake Titicaca, identify key areas and sources of pollution, as well as to determine the current status of treatment systems and disposal of sewage, solid waste and mining environmental liabilities. As a result, appropriate investment guides for Environmental Prevention and Recovery of the Lake Titicaca were produced. The findings of this project specify pollution sources, amounts of solid waste, levels of heavy metals contamination, water quality, among others.

 

Global Environment Facility. (2014). Integrated Water Resources Management in the Titicaca-Desaguadero-Poopo-Salar de Coipasa (TDPS) System. Retrieved from:

https://info.undp.org/docs/pdc/Documents/BOL/PIMS%204383%20Bolivia%20

and%2Peru%20IW%20TDPS%20revised%20PIF%2024%20March%202014.docx

The Global Environment Facility’s project (GEF) is intended to promote the conservation and sustainable use of water resources in the TDPS transboundary system. The two strategic goals of this initiative is to update the Global Binational Master Plan that is currently in place and to create the Strategic Action Program (SAP). SAP will lead to a comprehensive, updated, strategic and systematic analysis of the transboundary situation in TDPS, with a focus on the biophysical, socioeconomic and environmental aspects of the system as well as its vulnerability in the face of extreme events. The actors involved in this project are the governments of Peru and Bolivia, UNDP, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Bolivia and Peru, Ministry of Environment and Water (MMAyA) of Bolivia, Ministry of Environment (MINAM) of Peru, the Binational Autonomous Authority of Lake Titicaca (ALT), Bolivian Operating Unit (UOB), Lake Titicaca Special Program (PELT), relevant civil society organizations operating in the TDPS region, including women’s and indigenous peoples’ organizations, and national and local universities (Universidad Nacional del Altiplano de Puno-UNO, Universidad Mayor de San Andrés, Bolivia, Universidad Técnica de Oruro, Universidad de Juliaca). The project is currently in progress and no reports are available yet.

 

Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo. (2016, May 24). Programa de Saneamiento del Lago Titicaca (Cuenca Katari, Bahía Cohana). Retrieved from:

http://www.mmaya.gob.bo/uploads/MGAS_Saneamiento_Titicaca.pdf

The Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) through the BO-L1118 operation is supporting the Sanitation Program of Lake Titicaca. This operation aims to reverse the processes of degradation and water pollution generated in the River Katari Basin, Bahia Cohana, and generate the necessary conditions to improve the quality of life of the population living in this region. An environmental and social analysis (AAS) was drafted outlining risks as well as potential environmental and socials impacts on the lake. To this end, interventions to be financed are identified, and the potential impacts are evaluated, considering not only the type of work or intervention, but also the environmental and social specific conditions for implementing the program. The project involves the government of Bolivia, including the Ministry of Environment and Water (MMAyA) and other water related entities, and the Inter-American Development Bank. The project is currently in progress.

 

Binational Autonomous Authority of Lake Titicaca. (2003). Lake Titicaca Basin, Bolivia and Peru. In UN world water development report: Water for people, water for life, (pp. 462-480). Barcelona, Spain: UNESCO & Berghahn Books. Retrieved June 16, 2016

http://webworld.unesco.org/water/wwap/case_studies/titicaca_lake/titicaca_lake.pdf

The report was developed by the Binational Autonomous Authority of Lake Titicaca (ALT). The objective of this initiative is to implement a Master Plan. This policy would focus on creating a framework of sustainable use of natural resources, recover the system’s ecological integrity in terms of protecting endangered species, mitigating human impact on the system and promote human development within the basins. The major challenges ALT encountered in regards to the implementation of the project were finding effective ways of promoting land tenure reform, adopting appropriate farming and irrigation techniques and developing legislation that will provide an environment in which culturally sensitive development and resource-sharing can occur.

 
 

Proyecto Especial Binational Lago Titicaca. (2013). Monitoreo De Calidad De Aguas Los Rios De La Cuenca Del Lago Titicaca. Retrieved from:

http://pt.slideshare.net/44aaoo/calidad-de-aguas-de-los-ros-de-la-cuenca-del-lago-titicaca

This report covers the Special Project Binational Lake Titicaca - PELT’s analysis of water quality of Lake Titicaca, as well as comparisons to similar work done in previous years. The report identifies pollution by mining, urban activity, natural erosion in the five major basins of the lake Titicaca, as factors which lead to environmental degradation and damage to the health of the population using these water resources. This report concludes with a number of recommendations to protect water resources and dependent communities, including: The need for government agencies to enforce stricter regulations on mining and industrial companies, such as Ministerial Resolution No. 011-96 the-EM / VMM, of January 10, 1996; Better permanent monitoring institutions, specifically in regards to monitoring cadmium and mercury; Improved infrastructure, especially sewers; Increased involvement of public and private sector institutions in recovery efforts; Environmental education for citizens to participate in protecting natural resources, and be better informed of their individual impact on environmental health.

 
 

Salinas, A. (2014). Gestión de Cuencas para mejorar la Calidad del Agua Lecciones Aprendidas - Lago Titicaca (TDPS). Presentation, Nairobi, Kenya. Retrieved from:

http://www.unep.org/delc/Portals/119/ForumBasinOrganization/gestion-de-cuencas-alfredo.pdf

Powerpoint presentation from the Binational Authority of Lake Titicaca’s (ALT) Executive Director Alfredo Salinas. Highlights the Titicaca problem space, especially in regards to cooperation among government actors and pollution, as well as objectives and details of ALT projects, and recommended courses of action.